Canada is a culturally, linguistically, religiously, and ethnically diverse country. Today, Canada can be attributed to highly developed countries that play a leading role in the establishment and development of world economic relations and international relations. This is due to both interactions with the world community and some features of its development within the country. One of these features is the Canadian model for building multicultural society bilingualism and tolerance. It heavily impacted and impacts the current political, economic, urban, and social geographies.
The concept of multiculturalism is part of the national idea, uniting the various layers of Canadian society, which is the state policy of Canada. Canada’s stance on multiculturalism and openness to immigrants is a cornerstone of the national philosophy. The viability of the Canadian state is ensured precisely by the mechanisms of regulation of multiculturalist social policy, which presupposes egalitarian reciprocity, voluntary self-attribution, and freedom of exit and association. These are manifestations of Canada’s social geography, which shapes the current leadership of multicultural nations in the world.
However, without an appropriate institutional system, all this would be insufficient, and most likely impossible. Canadian multiculturalism legitimized ethnocultural diversity in the country through economic changes and major immigration policies of inclusion. The latter allowed and allowed every Canadian to have equal opportunity in acquiring financial stability. Some ethnocultural and confessional entities received the right to public representation and preservation of their specific lifestyle. In other words, trying to find an opportunity to regulate its culturally diverse population effectively, the Canadian state gradually began to consider itself as a political and economic entity, uniting differentiated culturally different communities of people, preserving their special identity and boundaries, like the elements that make up the mosaic. Without calling for assimilation, the Canadian authorities, on the contrary, are ready to meet ethnic groups living in Canada to preserve and maintain diversity, primarily ethnic and cultural. The fact that the authorities are moving towards the people in terms of supporting diversity has a reason.
In Canada, unlike most liberal democracies, the possibility of having group and collective rights among the population and, consequently, the right to fight for them, is recognized at the state level. This is the basis of active poly-ethnic urbanization, which leads to unification and a lack of separatism. Ethnic diversity as an indispensable part of a common Canadian identity will help preserve the Canadian state as a nation. All of these policy principles are largely supported in Canadian society. Proponents of multiculturalism emphasize that ignoring the needs and interests of ethnic groups can be dangerous for society, and the government’s policy of supporting multiculturalism and ethnic minorities just contributes to its unification. Thus, recent immigrants are less committed to regionalist views than the natives of Canadians. Policy advocates argue that ethnocultural differences do not impede the formation of a single image of the country, but, on the contrary, lie at its core.
It is also worth mentioning the benefits of the official bilingualism adopted in Canada, both for individual citizens of Canada and for the country as a whole. This policy guarantees Canada the development of international trade and long-term opportunities for commercial and industrial exchange. In addition, this allows the country to obtain favorable conditions for the development of tourism. Official bilingualism makes Canada one of the most popular countries for tourists in the world. It is attracting more students from other countries, which adds impressive funds to the Canadian economy and creates additional jobs. Canada’s linguistic infrastructure offers opportunities for exporting goods and services, such as language training and bilingual communications. Personal mobility in search of employment and geographic mobility in bilingual languages.
In conclusion, multiculturalism and immigration policies shaped the nation’s geographies, such as economy, politics, urbanization, and social structure. The goal of multiculturalism in Canada today is not separation, but unity. Canadian multiculturalism, which is a series of major and minor concessions, continues to stick together the Canadian political map, smoothing out the acute angles of social conflicts in such a diverse society. The Canadian ethnocultural model makes a very positive impression, and it makes it possible to solve rationally ethnic-racial contradictions, despite the huge flow of immigrants. To some extent, Canadian respect for diversity has become one of the main features of the Canadian identity, the Canadian national idea, which, of course, has further development prospects.