In modern times, one of the urgent problems of people is obesity, and the most popular ways to combat it are weight loss surgery, diet, and physical exertion. Diet and physical activity, as well as operations that help to reduce weight, are the primary and effective ways for people who want to lose weight. According to statistics, 33.3% of people are overweight, which, although not at a critical level, still requires reduction (Cadena-Obando et al. 1). Both options are undoubtedly applicable and practical, but still, they have significant differences. The comparison lies in effect, the timing, and the likely associated difficulties. Diet and exercise are the preferred methods of weight loss because they are painless and have minimal risks to health and life.
Diet and exercise as methods of weight loss
Proper balanced nutrition and physical activity help lose weight if the absence of junk food, a specific diet, and sports training appear daily. It takes a lot of effort to refuse to eat a favorite food, as well as exercise regularly, but in the end, this will lead to a goal of weight loss and will also help prevent the appearance of concomitant diseases that appear due to excess weight (Cox 157). Nevertheless, the operation also has its effect, as it helps to get rid of stress, probable oncological diseases, and heart problems. Physical activity implies many different sports that a losing weight person can choose, and the diet presupposes the choice of a healthy, nutritious diet for every day (Cox 158). There are also a lot of weight-loss operations, but each of them can hide different side effects that can be avoided by exercising and eating right.
The next advantage of dieting and exercise before surgery is painlessness and the absence of complications. Surgical operations can go wrong by themselves, which naturally depends on the individual characteristics of the human body and the qualifications of surgeons and medical personnel (Cadena-Obando et al. 3). After the surgical intervention, the patient may have painful sensations that will take a long time and, in some cases, will require medical intervention. Activity, especially under the supervision of professional trainers and a balanced diet compiled by nutritionists, is painless and does not bring pain.
The last main advantage of physical activity and diet is the absence of risk, which can complicate the other life of losing weight person. Operations, even those authorized by doctors, carry a potential danger to life. This is because they imply the use of anesthetics, sharp metal knives, sanitary treatment of surgical instruments, and further wound healing (Cadena-Obando et al. 6). If any aspect can be violated or the individual features of the body structure are considered by the doctor, the patient may find themselves in a difficult situation for the rest of their life. These risks are entirely excluded in matters of sports and compliance with prescribed proper nutrition.
In conclusion, obesity and being overweight are urgent problems for people in modern times. Some strive to overcome excess weight, and some are not interested in it. There are various weight loss options, but diets, an active lifestyle, and surgical operations are often chosen. Proper healthy nutrition and a large selection of different physical activities will help relieve a losing-weight person from unnecessary risks of surgery, concomitant diseases, and pain in the places of dissections. Undoubtedly, it is difficult for some people to start training and stop eating junk food, choosing the surgical path. Still, the benefits of proper nutrition and sports are obvious and safe.
Cadena-Obando, Diego, Ramírez-Rentería, Claudia, Ferreira-Hermosillo, Aldo, Albarrán-Sanchez, Alejandra, Sosa-Eroza, Ernesto, Molina-Ayala, Mario, and Espinosa-Cárdenas, Etual. “Are there really any predictive factors for successful weight loss after bariatric surgery?” BMC Endocrine Disorders, vol. 20, no. 20, 2020, pp. 1-8.
Cox, Carla E. “Role of Physical Activity for Weight Loss and Weight Maintenance.” Diabetes Spectrum: A Publication of the American Diabetes Association, vol. 30, no. 3, 2017, pp. 157-160.