In the study titled “Perception of People with Disability in Creating Sustainable Public Policy,” Kaur et al. (2015) consider the effects that the attitudes toward people with disabilities (PWD) have on the treatment of the specified demographic. Although the authors utilize the quantitative approach for their analysis, thus, striving to determine the statistical characteristics of the phenomenon under investigation, the research design could have been changed to the qualitative one. Therefore, the variety of effects that the perception of PWD has on developing a public policy could have been examined. Consequently, a thematic analysis could have been utilized instead of a t-test or another statistical tool, such as ANOVA, to locate the main trends.
The use of the t-test in quantitative research is typically justified by the necessity to compare two groups and determine whether the variation observed within the groups in question is enough to conclude that the initial hypothesis can be confirmed. In turn, the study in question seeks to analyze how the beliefs associated with PWDs affect the acceptance levels of people with disabilities within the target community. Since the research does not have two specific variables that require a comparison, it could be argued that the t-test is not entirely applicable for the study in question. Given the presence of many variables instead of the two ones that the t-test design requires, the application of the ANOVA or MANOVA design could be considered a much better solution (Zhou & Skidmore, 2017).
Overall, the study results were quite understandable, although they could have been more detailed. Specifically, the positive effects of education for community members on their perception of PWD have been observed, according to the study. Nonetheless, a more detailed assessment of the types of responses and the strategies utilized in the process could have been provided by changing the research design slightly.
Kaur, G., Leong, T. P., Yusof, J. M., & Singh, D. (2015). Perception of people with disability in creating sustainable public policy. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 168, 145-155. Web.
Zhou, Y., & Skidmore, S. T. (2017). A reassessment of ANOVA reporting practices: A review of three APA journals. Journal of Methods and Measurement in the Social Sciences, 8(1), 3-19. Web.