Informed consent in the healthcare and nursing sphere means providing permission to a physician or any other medical specialist for conducting certain procedures. Patients need to be informed on the specifics of medical actions and treatment plans in order to agree or not to receive the delivered services. It is important to ensure that a patient understands all the advantages and consequences of medical and care interventions. Thus, informed consent has several important elements, and the first one is the disclosure of all the information about the procedure (Butts & Rich, 2016). A patient needs to be aware of all the details and risks in order to make an informed and right decision. The second element is a patient’s competency to make reasonable decisions, which means being mentally and emotionally stable and healthy (Pozgar, 2016). Finally, the voluntary nature of participating in the procedure or following a specific treatment plan among other options is necessary.
Problems are observed when some elements of informed consent are not adhered to, and both patients and healthcare professionals feel rather vulnerable. For example, the informed consent form can be incomplete, miss important lines and bokes of data, and not provide all the details of medical procedures needed for a particular patient. When the patient observes medical operations that were not discussed previously, he or she has the right to stop them and withdraw if it is possible. The patient can also insist on further discussion of the case as well as on receiving certain compensation (Butts & Rich, 2016). As a result, if the principles of using informed consent in clinical settings are not followed appropriately, both patients and healthcare providers are unprotected from a variety of risks.
Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2016). Nursing ethics: Across the curriculum and into practice (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Pozgar, G. D. (2016). Legal and ethical issues for health professionals (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.