Human society has many problems, some of which are connected with society itself, such as bullying. The most striking problem for people is the problem of aggression in communication, expressed in such a phenomenon as bullying. Bullying means an insult or pressure on a person who is a victim of an aggressor; in the case of traditional bullying, there are several subtypes of such pressure: physical, verbal, and relational.
The first and most common is the physical type of bullying, in which the same victim has been repeatedly attacked. Attacks often aim to hurt, embarrass, or intimidate the victim by exploiting power imbalances. For example, when the aggressor is stronger than the victim or has a higher social status. The second subtype of bullying is verbal, where bullying is still aimed at humiliating and disgracing the victim. In contrast, the words of the aggressor are used to make one appear dominant and powerful. The last type of bullying is relational aggression, which seeks to inflict moral harm on others by deliberately manipulating positions and relationships (Kennedy, 2020). As one can see, traditional bullying victimization is a phenomenon that affects many aspects of social interactions and uses them for aggression and pressure.
Summing up, it should be said that traditional bullying, being the most widespread and ancient type of social aggression, is nevertheless the broadest in terms of its methods and goals. Traditional bullying is a massive problem for society, manifesting in physical violence, offensive and derogatory statements, and manipulating others. Apparently, it should be addressed by the communities where the problem arises.
Kennedy, R. S. (2020). A meta-analysis of the outcomes of bullying prevention programs on subtypes of traditional bullying victimization: Verbal, relational, and physical. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 55, 101485.